The Vienna State Opera is one of the most important opera houses and was founded in 1869 inaugurating the present Vienna Opera House at the Ringstrasse in central Vienna (the company was previously known as the Vienna Court Opera).
The entire auditorium and interior of the building was destroyed in WW2 bombings and after lenghty discussions it was decided to renovated it in the original style. The renovated Vienna State Opera was reopened in 1955 with a Karl Böhm-conducted Fidelio (more on the history of the house here).
Virtually all prominent singers and conductors in the world appear/have appeared here. A listing of some of the more prominent guests here.
Intendant of the Vienna State Opera is Dominique Meyer (from 2010).
Franz Welser-Möst (also from 2010) is music director.
The Vienna State Opera has an impressive list of previous music/general directors (seen here) including Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauss, Herbert von Karajan, Karl Böhm and Claudio Abbado.
The Vienna State Opera is closely linked to the Vienna Philharmonics, an independent institution recruiting it´s memebers from the orchestra of the Vienna State Opera. For practical purposes, the quality (though notoriously variable) of the Vienna State Opera Orchestra equals that of the Vienna Philharmonics.
New productions are generally modern and inventive, though never too experimental. Quite a few (read: Too many) very dusty productions of core repertoire are still on the schedule (such as Rosenkavalier, Salome).
Directors to appear frequently at the Vienna State Opera include Christine Mielitz (Otello, Flying Dutchman, Parsifal) and Sven-Eric Bechtolf (Arabella, Nibelungen Ring).
The overall best production I have seen in Vienna to date was the June 2008 new production of Capriccio, directed by Marco Arturo Marello and with a cast including Renée Fleming, Bo Skovhus and Angelika Kirchschlager.
Practical information including tickets:
Vienna State Opera website, including season schedule, on-line ticket sale etc.
Tickets are very expensive and due to the numerous loges, several even rather expensive tickets come with a less than optimal view. Furthermore, the slope of the parterre is almost non-existent, thus you may risk paying 160+ Euros for a row 8-seat and be able to see virtually nothing. The acoustics are superb in the upper levels of the house.
Tickets may be ordered via the Vienna State Opera website and go on sale excactly 30 days before each performance. Tickets in price category 1 and 2 may be ordered further in advance.
Standing room tickets at the Vienna State Opera are exceptionally good value, especially as several rows of standing room spaces are placed directly behind the parterre section and thus have the best view of the entire house. They are only available on the day of the performance. With more than 500 standing room spaces they are easy to come by. The Vienna State Opera standing room spaces including the acquisition of tickets are described in detail here.
Virtually half of the seats (and 90% of the standing room spaces) seem occupied by tourists, thus dress codes are not adhered to, though people tend to dress more smartly (though old-fashioned by current standards) in the expensive seats.
The Vienna State Opera is located in the middle of Vienna, easily accessible by public transport.
Photographs from the Vienna State Opera, Spring 2008